See Article History Alternative Titles: The Panthers eventually developed into a Marxist revolutionary group that called for the arming of all African Americansthe exemption of African Americans from the draft and from all sanctions of so-called white America, the release of all African Americans from jail, and the payment of compensation to African Americans for centuries of exploitation by white Americans. At its peak in the late s, Panther membership exceeded 2, and the organization operated chapters in several major American cities. The Black Panther Party was an African American revolutionary organization that was formed in and reached its heyday a few years later.
Newton and Bobby Seale. The name was shortened to the Black Panther Party BPP and it began spreading eastward through the Black urban ghetto colonies across country.
After i and most other Panther 21 members were held in jail and on trial for two years, We were all acquitted of all charges and released.
The BPP was rife with dissension, both internal and external. The internal strife, division, intrigue, and paranoia had become so ingrained that eventually most members drifted or were driven, away. Some continued the struggle on other fronts and some basically cooled out altogether.
The BPP limped on for several more years, then died what seemed a natural death.
But in these troubled times Afrikan people in the U. The self-defense policies of the BPP need to be analyzed in this light by present day Afrikan organizations. All history has shown that this government will bring its police and military powers to bear on any group which truly seeks to free Afrikan people.
Any Black "freedom" organization which ignores self-defense does so at its own peril. The BPP was a nationalist organization.
Its main goal was the national liberation of Afrikan people in the U. It was also revolutionary. It was anti-capitalist and struggled for a socialist revolution of U. Internationally, it provided Afrikans in the U.
Overall the ideology provided Afrikans here with a more concrete way of looking at and analyzing the world. Another fundamental thing that attracted members and mass support to the BPP was its policy of "serving the people".
This was a policy of going to the masses, living among them, sharing their burdens, and organizing the masses to implement their own solutions to the day to day problems that were of great concern to them.
For these reasons, and others, the influence of the BPP spread far beyond its actual membership. Not only did the BPP programs teach self-reliance, but years later the government established similar programs such as free school lunch, expanded medicare and day care facilities, and liberalized court procedures for tenant takeovers of poorly maintained housing, partly if not primarily in order to snuff out the memory of previous similar BPP programs and the principle of self-reliance.
Another positive contribution of the BPP was its advocating and practice of equality for women throughout all levels of the organization and in society itself.
The BPP made significant contributions to the art of propaganda. It was very adept at spreading its message and ideas through its newspaper The Black Panther, mass rallies, speaking tours, slogans, posters, leaflets, cartoons, buttons, symbols i. A lot of this has to do with the overall process of still trying to rehabilitate the image of the police from its devastating exposure during the Panther era, and to prevent the true role of the police in this society from being exposed again.
NewtonBobby Seale and Eldridge Cleaver. Each, in their own way, caved in to the pressures and began acting in a manner that was deliberately designed to destroy the BPP, and to disillusion not only Party members but Afrikan people in America for years to come. Combined Above and Underground: This was the most serious structural flaw in the BPP.
Party members who functioned openly in the BPP offices, or organized openly in the community, by day might very well have been the same people who carried out armed operations at night.
Also small military forces should never adopt, as a general tactic, the position of making stationary defenses of offices, homes, buildings, etc. This often played into the hands of those who were simply looking for slanderous material to air or to provide possible intelligence information to the police.
It can be safely said that the largest segment of the New York City BPP membership and probably nationwide were workers who held everyday jobs. Other segments of the membership were semi-proletariat, students, youths, and lumpen-proletariat. These tendencies in some Party members provided the media with better opportunities than they would otherwise have had to play up this aspect, and to slander the Party, which diverted public attention from much of the positive work done by the BPP.
Early successes made some Panthers feel that they were the only possessors of absolute truths. Some became arrogant and dogmatic in their dealings with Party members, other organizations, and even the community. This turned people off.
Failure to Organize Economic Foundations in Community: The BPP preached socialist politics. They were anti-capitalist and this skewered their concept of building economic foundations in the community. As a result the BPP built few businesses which generated income other than the Black Panther newspaper, or which could provide self employment to its membership and to people in the community.
A significant segment of the U.Aug 21, · The Black Panthers, also known as the Black Panther Party, was a political organization founded in by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale to challenge police brutality against the African American.
Seize The Time: The Story of The Black Panther Party and Huey P. Newton is a book by political activist Bobby Seale. It was recorded in San Francisco County Jail between November and March , by Arthur Goldberg, a reporter for the San Francisco Bay Guardian.
Formed in , the Black Panther Party for Self Defense was the largest Black revolutionary organization that has ever existed. Famous for taking up guns in defense against police brutality, the Panthers had many other little-known sides to their work.
They organized dozens of community programs. Founded in October of in Oakland, California by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale, the Black Panther Party for Self Defense (BPP) became the most famous black power organization of the late s.
Newton and Seale met in at Merritt College where they were exposed to a burgeoning wave of Black Nationalism, inspired in part by the . Closer to the United States, the Vanguard Party in the Bahamas closely studied the Black Panther Party, drew on its political philosophy, adopted its use of uniforms and its Ten Point Program, and published the newspaper Vanguard, whose scope and format mirrored the Black Panther Party’s newspaper, Black Panther, to shape its program of .
The Black Panther Party for Self-Defense Formed in , the Black Panther Party for Self Defense was the largest Black revolutionary organization that has ever existed. Famous for taking up guns in defense against police brutality, the Panthers had many other little-known sides to their work.