Understanding the Disease and Pathophysiology 1. Describe its major function within normal metabolism.
Describe its major function within normal metabolism — Insulin is a hormone that regulates carbohydrate and fat metabolism within the body. Glucose is absorbed by cells in the liver, muscle, fat cells, and other necessary organs.
Insulin is transported through the blood. Glucose is stored in the body as glycogen. Glycogen can then be converted to glucose by gluconeogenesis when blood glucose gets too low.
What are the current opinions regarding the etiology of type 1 diabetes mellitus DM? Genetic mapping and gene-phenotype studies link genetics architecture of type 1 Diabetes. Right now ten genes can be singled out and linked to type 1 Diabetes.
The function of these genes points the primary etiological pathways to this disease.
Linkage to genes is still thought to be are only cause for developing or having Type 1 Diabetes. Etiology of Type 1 Diabetes. Immunity, 32 4 Type 1 diabetes is also usually diagnosed in adolescent years, which Susan falls under since she is fifteen years old.
What are the established diagnostic criteria for type 1 DM? How can the physicians distinguished between Type 1 and type 2 DM -Type 2 Diabetes Family history— Family history is an even stronger genetic basis for type two Diabetes than type one. Diet— One strong diagnostic criteria for type two is eating habits over a long period of time.
Type two takes into account eating as a key variable. High fat diets, carbohydrates with lack of fiber, little to no exercise and increasing weight are all criteria for diagnosing type 2 Diabetes over type one. Weight-Increased adipose tissue around the abdomen is seen as a factor for Type two Diabetes as type one is most often limiting weight.
Activity Level— Type two Diabetes individuals usually have a low activity level.
Physical activity helps to prevent Diabetes. Insulin production-A C-peptide assay can be done to measure the endogenous insulin production Beta Cell destruction also takes place.
|Diabetic Emergencies, Part 5: DKA Case Studies||A year-old male with type 1 diabetes since the age of 14 years was taken to the emergency room because of drowsiness, fever, cough, diffuse abdominal pain, and vomiting.|
|Diabetes Case Study | Jacqueline Farralls Portfolio||This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Over the last five decades the association between coeliac disease and other autoimmune disorders such as autoimmune thyroid disease or diabetes mellitus type 1 has been well established through many studies and to this day is subject to on-going clinical and scientific investigation worldwide.|
|Introduction||His diabetes is complicated by hypoglycemia unawareness. His last episode of hypoglycemia with loss of consciousness was at age|
Weight-Type one Diabetes often has signs of weight loss. This can be picked up easily in the physical examination. Fasting Blood Glucose-Fasting blood glucose testing along with the other diagnostic factors listed above lead to the diagnosis of Type one Diabetes.
Diagnosis and Classificaion of Diabetes Mellitus: Polydipsia is excessive thirst. Polyphagia is excessive eating or feeling of hunger — Once glucose cannot enter the cells, two things have to happen: To compensate for this excess glucose is lost in the urine because the kidneys can filter only so much glucose from the blood per hour.
As a result frequent urination or polyuria takes place.(Also referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM for short, and juvenile diabetes.) • Type 2 diabetes: results from insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use insulin properly, sometimes combined with an absolute insulin deficiency.
Results of hospital laboratory studies (Table ) revealed that the patient's initial blood glucose level was mg/dL and clinical presentation and laboratory findings were consistent with a diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). The patient reported no family history of diabetes.
His father died at age 35 of renal failure. Celiac disease and type 1 diabetes are autoimmune diseases with a common genetic predisposition. Both celiac disease and type 1 diabetes are associated with a high frequency of HLA-DR3 genotypes.
As a result, celiac disease is more frequent in type 1 diabetes than in type 2 . Case Study #3 Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1 - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation .ppt /.pptx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online.
Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site.5/5(5). Celiac disease and type 1 diabetes are autoimmune diseases with a common genetic predisposition. Both celiac disease and type 1 diabetes are associated with a high frequency of HLA-DR3 genotypes. As a result, celiac disease is more frequent in type 1 diabetes than in type 2 diabetes or in the general population.
The following case study illustrates the clinical role of advanced practice nurses in the management of a patient with type 2 diabetes. Case Presentation A.B. is a retired year-old man with a 5-year history of type 2 diabetes.