Both these men were contrary to the Roman Catholic Church and had different views on religion and exactly how it ought to be seen. Luther and Calvin had an extremely similar protestant based theologies. Calvin's admiration for Luther is evident because he identifies him as "an apostle". Luther was the founder of a group which is today known as the Lutherans.
Martin Luther founded the group that are today known as Lutherans.
He was ordaineda priest in He dealt with questions dealing with the structure of the church and with itsmoral values. These questions were important in Luther's eyes, but the most important was howto find favor with God.
Luther tried to pray, fast, and repent, but he never felt self-satisfaction. He eventually concluded that God's love was not a prize or a reward to be earned or won, but agift to be accepted. Luther further concluded that until man stops trying to achieve God's favorthrough his own achievements he cannot truly understand God's grace.
Luther also had the ideathat one did not need a priest to talk to God, he believed that one could pray and repent withoutthe help of anyone else.
This was the idea for which Luther became famous. InLuther was involved in a controversy which involved indulgences. Indulgenceswere the idea that a person could donate money to a worthy cause in exchange for forgivenessof their sins.
Luther opposed this idea and stated his beliefs in his Ninety-Five Thesis, which heposted on the castle door in Wittenberg, Germany.
During this debate, Luther denied the supremacy of the Pope and stated that church councilscould make mistakes. InLuther was excommunicated by Pope Leo X.
Luther was then ordered toappear before a council which demanded that he retract his teachings. Luther intern stated thatunless he was inspired to do so by scripture he would not "since it is neither safe nor right to goagainst conscience.I once heard a Protestant pastor preach a “Church History” sermon.
He began with Christ and the apostles, dashed through the book of Acts, skipped over the Catholic Middle Ages and leaped directly to Wittenberg, Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus (/ ˌ d ɛ z ɪ ˈ d ɪər i ə s ɪ ˈ r æ z m ə s /; 28 October – 12 July ), known as Erasmus or Erasmus of Rotterdam, was a Dutch Christian humanist who was the greatest scholar of the northern Renaissance.
Originally trained as a Catholic priest, Erasmus was an important figure in classical scholarship who wrote in a pure Latin style. A Comparison Between Luther and Calvin's Beliefs The Reformation began by Martin Luther was sweeping religious mass movement that divided the Christian world and led to the birth of Protestantism.
Western Theories of Justice. Justice is one of the most important moral and political concepts. The word comes from the Latin jus, meaning right or law. The Oxford English Dictionary defines the “just” person as one who typically “does what is morally right” and is disposed to “giving everyone his or her due,” offering the word “fair” as a synonym.
Here is a talk I gave last night (3/22/15) at The Church of the Holy Spirit in Montgomery, AL. The talk was titled “John Calvin and the Reformation: A Catholic Perspective.”. Comparing Martin Luther and Jean Calvin Essay - The Reformation provoked changes in religion from the Christian church in the early 18th century.
Martin Brecht defines the Reformation as the world-historical event which was “triggered and substantially shaped by the monk and professor Martin Luther.