Fundamental problems[ edit ] It is often held that technology itself is incapable of possessing moral or ethical qualities, since "technology" is merely tool making. But many now believe that each piece of technology is endowed with and radiating ethical commitments all the time, given to it by those that made it, and those that decided how it must be made and used.
Ping As Government funding for the Not for Profit, or Charitable, sector has decreased, organisations have sought to raise money from an increasing variety of sources to continue their work. One area which has been targeted is the corporate sector and charitable organisations have been forced to become more commercially orientated to communicate effectively with this sector.
This shift towards a more commercial orientation for charitable organisations has been encouraged by the recent Industry Commission enquiry into the sector but it has not been met with universal praise.
This paper examines the ethical issues in corporate sponsorships of charitable organisations and the considerations a charity should make before accepting certain types of sponsorship.
The basis for analysis is through the use of a particular case study and then a framework for evaluating sponsorship proposals from the corporate sector is proposed.
The emphasis of this paper is on the charitable organisations themselves and the decisions that they must make in dealing with the commercial sector.
On approaching the two organisations, the Company is surprised to find that one of the organisations refuses to even consider the offer whilst the other gladly accepts. The question is, on what ethical basis have these two organisations made their decisions and what lessons can be learned from the different approaches that these two organisations have taken.
The first method is Teleological theory or utilitarianism, which is based on the principle of utility and is concerned with the consequences of an action. An extension of utilitarianism is Rule utilitarianism which looks at the consequences of adopting a general rule exemplified by an action, rather then the action itself.
According to the rule utilitarian, one should act according to a general rule, which, if adopted, would maximise good. Donaldson and Werhane, p. Alternatively, deontological theory or universalism, proposed by Immanuel Kant, states that it is not the consequences but the intentions of the individual doing the act which is important.
One must ask, "Would we wish that if everyone, when faced with the same set of circumstances made the same decision or took the same action as the action in question? More recently, John Rawls proposed the theory of distributive justice. This theory focuses on justice and the question to be asked when looking at a decision or action is, "Are the least advantaged members of our society better off after the decision or action than they were before?
Finally, a decision or action can be assessed on moral grounds by considering liberty. The question in regard to an action or decision is, "Do all members of our society have greater freedom to develop their own lives in their own way after the decisions or action than they did before?
The first issue is the provision of the money itself whilst the second and more controversial issue is the acknowledgement of the source of the money.
I propose that the charity which has agreed to accept the money has focused their attention on the provision of the money itself rather than the acknowledgement of the source of the funds.
Using any of the frameworks for moral reasoning given above it is clear that the results of the provision of the money would generate more positive than negative consequences.
It is also understandable that the charity would wish that everyone would provide money for the cause of social welfare, that the least advantaged members of our society would benefit more after the money was provided than the did before and, that the value of personal liberty is upheld by the provision of the money.
The Charity which is willing to accept the money has presumably come to the conclusion that any negative message that it is giving to the general public by acknowledging the source of funds is outweighed by the positive effects of the money itself.
In this sense the charity has taken on a utilitarian stance. But what possible messages could the charity be giving to the general public by acknowledging Coimpany X as the source of funds?. There are three possibilities.
Firstly, that Company X has donated some of its profits and that the charity is acknowledging their support as a show of gratitude. Secondly, that the charity is actually endorsing Company X as a valid member of our society, as is given in the legislation. Thirdly, that the charity is openly supporting the act of gambling.
It is reasonable to assume that the charity which is willing to accept the money, could use a utilitarian framework to justify its decision if its assumption is that the message being given to the public is one of the first two.2 Codes of Conduct in the Private Sector: A.
Review of the Academic Literature from to 1. Introduction A code of conduct is a name given to a set of principles and rules that govern the way social institutions should behave toward their stakeholders and the way stakeholders (especially. This same philosophy applies to the organizational environment, whereby workplace ethics is an ever-evolving entity that can be evaluated from a number of theoretical dichotomies.
Some Modern Theories on Workplace Ethics - Woman. Ethical Issue in Comfort Care - Introduction The boundaries of right to die with dignity are hard to determine.
Keeping the terminal patient comfortable is the purpose of comfort care, however there could be a very thin line between what we consider terminal sedation and euthanasia.
Ethics in technology is a sub-field of ethics addressing the ethical questions specific to the Technology barnweddingvt.com prominent works of philosopher Hans Jonas are devoted to ethics of technology.
The subject has also been explored, following the work of Mario Bunge, under the term technoethics. Discrimination And The Act Of Utilitarianism Philosophy Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, Gender discrimination in the workplace refers to situations in which an employer treats an individual or group of employees differently, based on their gender.
Nozick's Entitlement Theory. Applying Nozick's Entitlement theory. The attached chart or graph is a comparison of the three ethical theories of utilitarianism, deontological, and virtue ethics in terms of definition, ethical thinker associated with the theory, decision-making process and workplace example.