His father, Michael Pederson Kierkegaard, was a Lutheran Pietistbut questioned how God could let him suffer so much.
Related link pages Soren Kierkegaard biography Soren Kierkegaard was born on the 15th of May in the Danish capital Copenhagen and into a wealthy and prominent merchant family that already included six children. His father was a firmly committed to a strict approach to faith and life and sought to ensure that his family would grow up within a firmly Lutheran household.
His father also appears to have been personally endowed with intelligence, imagination, spirituality, melancholy and a tendency towards feeling a strong sense of guilt - amongst his children Soren, at least, inherited all these traits.
He entered the University of Copenhagen in in order to pursue a course of studies in Theology and Philosophy, his progress towards graduation did not prove to be smooth however as he seems to have experienced deep crises of confidence about spirituality, about his personal growth, and about his future life.
During these years he was extensively introduced to such contemporaneously prevailing ideologies as Romanticism and Hegelian philosophy.
During these years he continued to read very widely in line with his own interests and without seeking to promptly complete his degree. His father died in and this seems to have been instrumental in causing him to commit to finishing his formal studies and in was awarded a Magister Doctoral degree in Theology.
In September he became engaged to be married to Regine Olsen, who was then seventeen years old and a daughter of a member of the Danish parliament. In the event, however, he had second thoughts based on his own complex, brooding, personality.
Although he had genuine feelings for Regine he seems to have felt that his strong philosophic vocation was too powerful and rendered him unsuitable for married life. He therefore withdrew from the engagement in the autumn of Regine Olsen later married, happily, elsewhere.
His genuine feelings for her led him to specifically mention the whole episode in some of his books - he even, later in life, dedicated all his works to her.
Kierkegaard also chose not to follow another path in life to which he had seemed directed - he decided that he would not put himself forward for ordination as a Lutheran minister. He himself used the terms existential and existentialism in relation to his philosophisings, his heartfelt view was that life, existence, in all its aspects was subjective and ambiguous.
Philosophy was seen as an expression of an intensely and courageously examined individual existence - an expression that was, hopefully, free from illusion. In his view individuals must be prepared to defy the accepted practices of society, if this was necessary to their leading, what seemed to that person, to be a personally valid and meaningful life.
He called these "spheres" the aesthetic and the ethical. Aesthetical lives were lives lived in search of such things pleasure, novelty, and romantic individualism. Kierkegaard thought that such "pleasure", such "novelty", and such "romantic individualism" would eventually tend to decay or become meaningless and this would inevitably lead to much boredom and dire frustration.
Ethical lives, meanwhile, as being lived very much in line with a sense of duty to observe societal and confessional obligations.
Such a life would be easy, in some ways, to live, yet would also involve much compromise of several genuinely human faculties and potentials. Such compromise would inevitably mean that Human integrity would tend to be eroded although lives seemed to be progressing in a bourgeois-satisfactory way.
What sort of person a person tended to become was very dependent on the life choices they made and the sort of lives they subsequently led. Neither of the "existence spheres" that Kierkegaard believed that he had identified seemed to him to offer fully satisfactory lives to Human beings.
In his later works he suggested that there was a third, religious, "sphere" where people accepted that they could "live in the truth" that they were "individual before the Eternal" to which they belonged.
By living in this truth people could achieve a full unity of purpose with all other people who were also, individually, living in the same truth. This is the choice that he made for himself in his own efforts to live a life which he considered to be valid. In his later years he became involved in controversies with the Lutheran Church in Denmark - he had formed the view that the church was at that time open to being seen as worldly and corrupt and he had made some blatant public criticisms known to all.
By the time of his death in at the age of forty-two he had produced some thirty books as well as maintaining numerous private journals.
This early death is attributed to the intensity of his scholarly efforts and also to the intensity of the controversy with the Danish Lutheran Church.
After WW1 existentialism was taken up more widely in Europe and the World and his works became increasingly available in translation. Jean Paul Sartre was a particularly important contributor to the process of the development and popularisation of a form of existentialism.
After the Second World War the atheistic, humanistic, and socialistic, approach to existentialism attributable to Sartre received a cult following amongst a substantial section of the European youth and intelligentsia.Soren Kierkegaard biography.
The philosophy of existentialism continued by Jean Paul Sartre. Start of degree in Theology. In September he became engaged to be married to Regine Olsen, who was then seventeen years old and a daughter of a member of the Danish parliament.
Kierkegaard's philosophy - existentialism . Jul 23, · Søren Kierkegaard was a 19 th century Danish philosopher who many consider both the father of the philosophical school of thought called Existentialism and one of the great Christian theological thinkers of the past two hundred years.
Kierkegaard’s philosophy broke free of the ideas of St. Thomas Reviews: 1. Kierkegaard's peculiar authorship and literary style employed irony, satire, parody, humor, polemic and a dialectical method of "indirect communication" in order to deepen the reader’s passionate subjective engagement with ultimate existential issues.
The philosophy of Søren Kierkegaard has been a major influence in the development of 20th-century philosophy, especially existentialism and barnweddingvt.comgaard was a 19th-century Danish philosopher who has been called the "Father of Existentialism".
His philosophy also influenced the development of existential psychology.. Kierkegaard criticized aspects of the philosophical systems .
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Existential Theology Search this Guide Search. Philosophy Resource Guide: Existential Theology.
The study of nature, knowledge, and reality through deep thought. Welcome; Find Articles; Soren Kierkegaard ( - ): Topic Page. Danish philosopher and religious thinker. Kierkegaard's outwardly uneventful life in .