His father died inand the family relocated to Naumburg, where he grew up in a household comprising his mother, grandmother, two aunts, and his younger sister, Elisabeth. Nietzsche had a brilliant school and university career, culminating in May when he was called to a chair in classical philology at Basel. At age 24, he was the youngest ever appointed to that post. Before the opportunity at Basel arose, Nietzsche had planned to pursue a second Ph.
Thus, what unifies Nietzsche's seemingly disparate critical Nietszches view on art essay — about altruism, happiness, pity, equality, Kantian respect for persons, utilitarianism, etc.
Indeed, when we turn to the details of Nietzsche's criticisms of these norms we find that, in fact, this is precisely what he argues. One detailed example will have to suffice here. An early remark of Nietzsche's suggests his answer: Are we not, with this tremendous objective of obliterating all the sharp edges of life, well on the way to turning mankind into sand?
Small, soft, round, unending sand! Is that your ideal, you heralds of the sympathetic affections? Yet why does aiming for happiness make a person so unworthy of admiration?
Nietzsche's answer appears to be this: He writes, for example, that: The discipline of suffering, of great suffering — do you not know that only this discipline has created all enhancements of man so far? That tension of the soul in unhappiness which cultivates its strength, its shudders face to face with great ruin, its inventiveness and courage in enduring, persevering, interpreting, and exploiting suffering, and whatever has been granted to it of profundity, secret, mask, spirit, cunning, greatness — was it not granted to it through suffering, through the discipline of great suffering?
The value of suffering, according to Nietzsche, is only extrinsic: As Nietzsche puts the point elsewhere: Nietzsche's attack, then, conforms to the model sketched above: There is reason to think that, on this second point, Nietzsche is generalizing from his own experience with physical suffering, the worst periods of which coincided with his greatest productivity.
Indeed, he believed that his suffering contributed essentially to his work: Even if there is no shortage in the history of art and literature of cases of immense suffering being the spur to great creativity, there remains a serious worry about the logic of this line of Nietzschean critique.
One might think, in fact, that MPS could perfectly well allow an exception for those individuals whose own suffering is essential to the realization of central life projects. After all, a prescription to alleviate suffering reflects a concern with promoting well-being, under some construal.
But if some individuals — nascent Goethes, Nietzsches, and other geniuses — would be better off with a good dose of suffering, then why would MPS recommend otherwise?
This seems the natural philosophical question to ask, yet it also involves an important misunderstanding of Nietzsche's critique, which is not, we might say, about philosophical theory but rather about the real nature of culture.
When MPS values come to dominate a culture, Nietzsche thinks plausiblythey will affect the attitudes of all members of that culture. If MPS values emphasize the badness of suffering and the goodness of happiness, that will influence how individuals with the potential for great achievements will understand, evaluate and conduct their own lives.
If, in fact, suffering is a precondition for these individuals to do anything great, and if they have internalized the norm that suffering must be alleviated, and that happiness is the ultimate goal, then we run the risk that, rather than — to put it crudely — suffer and create, they will instead waste their energies pursuing pleasure, lamenting their suffering and seeking to alleviate it.
Thus, the normative component of MPS is harmful because, in reality, it will have the effect of leading potentially excellent persons to value what is in fact not conducive to their flourishing and devalue what is in fact essential to it.
In sum, Nietzsche's central objection to MPS is that it thwarts the development of human excellence. His argument for this, in each case, turns on identifying distinctive valuations of MPS, and showing how — as in the case of norms favoring happiness and devaluing suffering — they undermine the development of individuals who would manifest human excellence.
For discussion of other examples, see Leiter Nietzsche's Positive Ethical Vision While Nietzsche clearly has views about the states of affairs to which positive intrinsic value attaches namely, the flourishing of higher menthere is more disagreement among interpreters about what kind of ethics arises from the latter valuation so central to his critique of morality.
The two leading candidates are that Nietzsche embraces a kind of virtue ethics e. These accounts turn out to overlap — the perfections of the latter account are often the virtues of the former — though the perfectionist account will prove to have certain other advantages, discussed below.
There is an additional, and special difficulty, for those who think Nietzsche is a virtue ethicist, namely, that he also thinks genuine virtues are specific to individuals, meaning that there will be nothing general for the theorist to say about them [see, e.
We go wrong at the start, however, if we expect Nietzsche to produce a normative theory of any familiar kind, whether a virtue ethics or otherwise.May 06, · Nietzsche Essays; Nietzsche Essays.
Essay on Nietzsche. modern humanity did not invent the idea of God.
Rather the God had a functional role from his point of view. There is no doubt that, modern humanity had the idea of God, but in my opinion, this idea was like a heritage to the Essay on Relationship between Art and Life in Death in.
Art Do non ordinary states of mind can enhance creative and artistic process? investigate if non ordinary states of mind with or without the use of substances can aid with the creative or artistic process.
The essay needs a neuroscience point of view on the subjects above but not entirely. ORDER THIS ESSAY HERE NOW [ ]. Contrasting Kant and Nietzsche's philosophies on morality (for an essay)? (barnweddingvt.comlosophy) and certainly generous reading of him. A central idea for Nietzsche is to 'live your life as art', and given that his ideal of art is dionysiac tragedy, the aspiration is to become a tragic hero.
Thomas Aquinas's view isn't like that, for. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional academic writers. You can view samples of our professional work here..
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Nietzsche's view of art is, at the same time, the most sublime and metaphysical. All nihilism in Nietzsche's philosophical system is sublimated to art as the highest metaphysical activity in Man, bestowing life with sublime meaning.
Nietzsche’s readers who share this view seem to want to believe he threw his arms around that horse, in part because it can be seen as a final flourish to complete his life’s writings (and the writing of his life), but in part because it seems so fatally to contradict large areas of his thought.