Born in Devon, he spent much of his life in the West Country including the little village of Nether Stowey where the cottage he lived in can still be visited.
Emotion, Imagination and Complexity The 19th century was heralded by a major shift in the conception and emphasis of literary art and, specifically, poetry. During the 18th century the catchphrase of literature and art was reason. Logic and rationality took precedence in any form of written expression.
Ideas of validity and aesthetic beauty were centered around concepts such as the collective "we" and the eradication of passion in human behavior. In all of those ideas about literature were challenged by the publication of Lyrical Ballads, which featured the poetry of William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
Wordsworth and Coleridge both had strong, and sometimes conflicting, opinions about what constituted well-written poetry. Their ideas were centered around the origins of poetry in the poet and the role of poetry in the world, and these theoretical concepts led to the creation of poetry that is sufficiently complex to support a wide variety of critical readings in a modern context.
Wordsworth wrote a preface to Lyrical Ballads in which he puts forth his ideas about poetry. His conception of poetry hinges on three major premises. Wordsworth asserts that poetry is the language of the common man: To this knowledge which all men carry about with them, and to these sympathies in which without any other discipline than that of our daily life we are fitted to take delight, the poet principally directs his attention.
Wordsworth eschews the use of lofty, poetic diction, which in his mind is not related to the language of real life.
He sees poetry as acting like Nature, which touches all living things and inspires and delights them. Wordsworth calls for poetry to be written in the language of the "common man," and the subjects of the poems should also be accessible to all individuals regardless of class or position.
Wordsworth also makes the points that "poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: First, some experience triggers a transcendent moment, an instance of the sublime. The senses are overwhelmed by this experience; the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" leaves an individual incapable of articulating the true nature and beauty of the event.
It is only when this emotion is "recollected in tranquility" that the poet can assemble words to do the instance justice. It is necessary for the poet to have a certain personal distance from the event or experience being described that he can compose a poem that conveys to the reader the same experience of sublimity.
With this distance the poet can reconstruct the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" the experience caused within himself. He uses the language and subjects of the common man to convey his ideas.
These lines show that Wordsworth places little stock in the benefit of education or institutionalized wisdom.
He implies that any person with exposure to Nature can learn the secrets of the world, regardless of social or economic considerations.
In "I wandered lonely as a cloud," Wordsworth uses the sonnet form to express his ideas about poetry being the spontaneous overflow of emotion recollected in tranquility: For oft when on my couch I lie In vacant or in pensive mood, They flash upon that inward eye Which is the bliss of solitude; And then my heart with pleasure fills, And dances with the daffodils.
In the poem he meditates on the stars and the light bouncing off waves on the water. He is unable to truly comprehend the beauty and importance of the experience until he is resting afterward, and he is able to reconstruct the event in his mind.
This remembrance brings him a wave of emotion, and it is out of this second flood of feeling that the poem is born. Indeed, Wordsworth is continually inspired and led into transcendent moments by his experiences in Nature.
These experiences bring to his mind a wide variety of contemplations and considerations that can only be expressed, as he writes in "Expostulation and Reply," in "a wise passiveness" Coleridge did not agree that poetry is the language of the common man.
He thought that lowering diction and content simply made it so that the poet had a smaller vocabulary of both words and concepts to draw from. Coleridge focused mainly on imagination as the key to poetry.
He divided imagination into two main components: In Biographia Literaria, one of his significant theoretical works, he writes: The primary imagination I hold to be the living power and prime agent of all human perception, and as a repetition in the finite of the eternal act of creation of the infinite I AM.For killing an albatross, the mariner and his crew are punished with drought and death.
Amidst a series of supernatural events, the mariner's life alone is spared and he repents, but he must wander the earth and tell his tale with the lesson that "all things great and small" are important. Biografia Giovinezza. Samuel Taylor Coleridge nacque il 21 ottobre a Ottery St Mary, piccolo villaggio tra le colline del Devon.
Il padre di Samuel, il Reverendo John Coleridge (–), era un rispettatissimo vicario; più modesta era invece la madre, Anne Bowden (–). Poem Hunter all poems of by Samuel Taylor Coleridge poems. poems of Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Still I Rise, The Road Not Taken, If You Forget Me, Dreams, Annabel Lee.
21 October is the anniversary of Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s birth in Born in Devon, he spent much of his life in the West Country including the little village of Nether Stowey where the cottage he lived in can still be visited. While living there, he wrote some of his best-known poetry, including The Rime of the Ancient Mariner and Kubla Khan.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, the tenth and last child of the vicar of Ottery Saint Mary near Devonshire, England, was born on October 21, After his father's death in , he was sent to Christ's Hospital for schooling. He had an amazing memory and an eagerness to learn. However, he described his.
Coleridge's meditation on the soul moves swiftly from the butterfly's exalted state to the mundane misery of the caterpillar Published: 27 Jan Poem of the week: Psyche by Samuel Taylor Coleridge.