Europe and the Middle East The introduction of the term humanism is commonly attributed to the German pedagogical theorist F. The word soon enjoyed wide currency in many European languages, in part because the much earlier Italian term umanista was already used to describe a person committed to the production or study of the artifacts of human culture.
Peasants worked the land for the nobles, for which they received protection and their own small parcels of land. These rural peasants worked from sunup to sundown, but even the nobles had few creature comforts. In feudal cities, where there was a small middle-class population, life was a little easier and individuals had the freedom to pursue whatever trade or industry they liked.
In the late Middle Ages, when the threat of invasion from barbarians had lessened, people left the country for towns and cities so they could engage in more profitable pursuits. From The Western Tradition series. The Plague Begins Life in the city was soon to change drastically. During the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance the bubonic plague, also called the "Black Death," devastated one half of the population of Europe.
The plague, which was almost always fatal, spread most rapidly in cities, where people were in close contact with each other.
The only way to avoid the disease was to leave the city for the country. This solution was, unfortunately, available only to those wealthy enough to make the trip. The Plague's Effect on the Economy The population decrease caused by the plague led to an economic depression.
Merchants and tradespeople had fewer people to whom they could sell their wares. Products therefore accumulated, and the merchants and traders suffered a loss in income.
Economic hardship spread throughout the community as those who dealt with the merchants--bankers, suppliers, and shippers--also lost revenue.
As incidence of the plague decreased in the late fifteenth century, populations swelled, creating a new demand for goods and services. A new middle class began to emerge as bankers, merchants, and tradespeople once again had a market for their goods and services.World History (Renaissance) STUDY.
PLAY. Marco Polo. The period of "rebirth" and creativity that followed Europe's Middle Ages. Humanism. The study of history, literature, public speaking, and art that led to a new way of thinking in Europe in the late s.
the period of European history between the close of the Middle Ages and the. Learn europe european middle ages renaissance with free interactive flashcards.
Choose from different sets of europe european middle ages renaissance flashcards on Quizlet. Log in Sign up. Belief in the importance and potential of human beings.
Sep 22, · It reached Europe via the Middle East in the European Middle Ages. It replaced the earlier method of hand spinning, in which the individual fibres were drawn out of a mass of wool held on a stick, or distaff, twisted together to form a continuous strand, and wound on a second stick, or spindle.
Humanism, then, really begins during the middle ages in Europe; while the humanist scholars of the Renaissance made great strides and discoveries in this field, humanistic studies were really a .
Jan 15, · The idea of the whole Middle Ages as a "dark age" therefore actually comes from the early modern Renaissance and humanist movements and their denigration of their immediate forebears and idolization and idealization of . Secularism, any movement in society directed away from otherworldliness to life on earth.
In the European Middle Ages there was a strong tendency for religious persons to despise human affairs and to meditate on God and the afterlife.