What tense should be used in a research paper

Chapter I - Introduction Introductory paragraphs Chapter I begins with a few short introductory paragraphs a couple of pages at most. The primary goal of the introductory paragraphs is to catch the attention of the readers and to get them "turned on" about the subject. It sets the stage for the paper and puts your topic in perspective. The introduction often contains dramatic and general statements about the need for the study.

What tense should be used in a research paper

Works Cited Introduction Wide consensus exists that the international drug trade poses significant health and national security risks for the nations of the Americas.

Throughout the s, the "war on drugs" which was promoted by the Reagan and Bush administrations in Latin America focused on stopping this scourage of drugs at the source.

Latin American governments were strongly pressured by the United States to intensify their drug control efforts, producing a "narcoticization" of bilateral diplomatic relations in several cases.

What tense should be used in a research paper

After years of pursuing this strategy, its effects are apparent. The broad failure of U. This paper attempts to examine where the United States has been with regard to its Latin American drug control policy and realistically define the illicit drug phenomenon in the Americas. It also examines the militarization of drug control efforts by the United States and the effects these programs have had on Latin American countries during the past decade.

Finally, the paper explores how the "drug war" has impacted other U.

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The sharp increase in illicit drug use in the United States during the decade prompted the government to adopt a policy that has remained relatively consistent for over twenty years.

Starting with Operation Intercept, a rigorous inspection program along the U. Policymakers assume that the best way to reduce domestic illicit drug consumption is to reduce the supply of drugs entering the United States from international locations. If drug supply can be "contained" and eliminated, the model holds that U.

The United States has experienced some success with this strategy that reinforced policymaker faith in the containment model. A change in opium production methods in Turkey, from illicit opium gum to "poppy straw concentrate", made illicit production of opium poppy and heroin more controllable.

This technological change and subsequent enforcement actions by the Turkish and U. Each of these successes were short term, but none-the-less convinced U.

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The traditional emphasis of the United States in drug control was summarized well by former President George Bush. He stated "The logic is simple His statement demonstrates that the United States views the drug problem as fundamentally beginning with the drug producing nations.

It also reveals that the policy "costs" of such programs are measured relative to the United States, and unfortunately have not historically included the high costs borne by Latin American countries for these efforts. The supply side emphasis of U. Approximately seventy percent of drug control funds have historically been targeted for the supply side, which includes interdiction, eradication, lab destruction and law enforcement efforts to disrupt trafficker organizations and distribution.

The remaining thirty percent has been directed at the demand side of the illicit drug equation, supporting treatment programs for addicts and drug abuse prevention programs.

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During the s, some U. Expectations for the Andean eradication campaign, to be intensified inwere that "the end result, after five years, would be the complete elimination of the coca problem in Latin America" Van Wert, Such unrealistic expectations were a product of the containment model of drug control, which failed to accurately assess the fundamental nature of the international drug trade.

Unrealistic goals continue to be set for U. As an example, the April U. S International Narcotics Control Strategy Report stated that in Bolivia, the "strategic goal of the counternarcotics program is to reduce, and eventually eliminate, Bolivian production of illicit coca and refined cocaine products and the demand for narcotics" INCSR The purpose of this guide is to provide advice on how to develop and organize a research paper in the social sciences.

Aug 30,  · U.S. Drug Control in the Americas: Time for a Change by Wesley A. Fryer 30 August A Fulbright-Garcia Robles grant administered by the U.S.-Mexico Commission for Educational and Cultural Exchange supported this research.

Jun 21,  · This article is part of an ongoing series on academic writing help of scholarly articles.

What tense should be used in a research paper

Previous parts explored how to write an introduction for a research paper and a literature review outline and format.. The Methodology section portrays the reasoning for the application of certain techniques and methods in the context of the study.. For your academic article, when you describe and explain.

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How to Write an Outline for a Research Paper (with Pictures)